Blog > Robotics in the near future

Will robots change our lives? 

It is a rather curious question to ask when today robots are already changing our lives in a multitude of ways and ways and have been doing so for years. From the first moment we saw how a microwave worked, we have accepted that machines can be trusted to do things for us.

How it all started? 

The concept of automated machines that work on their own dates back to ancient times. From the 5th century BC, the different “engineers” of the time manufactured machines with the aim of improving the life of the human being. For example, the Greek Arquitas de Taranto produced a mechanical bird that worked with steam and which I call “The Dove.”

La Paloma Voladora

This pigeon had a boiler that as it generated more and more steam, the pressure eventually exceeded the mechanical resistance of the connection and the pigeon was flying. The Flying Dove demonstrated that Arquitas possessed advanced knowledge in aerodynamics and propulsion and it is said that the flight of the amazing device flew for approximately 200 meters. In the industrial revolution machines were created with the aim of replacing man when it comes to mechanical work.

At present, the concept of robotics has evolved into autonomous mobile systems , those that are capable of operating by themselves in unknown and partially changing environments without the need for supervision, such as basic Romba vacuum cleaners. In this technological era, robots are gaining territory. They are used in a variety of applications and fields. Increasingly, because they perform tasks more accurately and even cheaper than humans. The tasks they perform most of the time are dirty, dangerous and toxic tasks for man. The fields in which they are most used are industry, medicine, transport and research.
The use of these robots in the industry she’s very tall. They are responsible for the production, assembly, packaging and transportation of industrial and consumer goods. They are also used in science for research in laboratories or space and Earth exploration. Other applications include cleaning toxic waste, mining, search and rescue of people and location of land mines.
As far as medicine is concerned, robotics has been a breakthrough. Medical robotics aims to make the surgeon compatible with the robot to improve surgical procedures. There are more and more cases in which a robot enters the operating room to help the surgeon to compensate for the deficiencies and limitations that the surgeon may have to perform certain actions.

Da Vinzi, el Robot Cirujano

Robot Groups

We can group the robots into  three large groups :

Android robots mimic both human appearance and some aspects of their behavior autonomously. The construction of a robot that convincingly imitates even if it is a tiny part of the freedom of human gestures and movement, is a task of enormous technical complexity. In fact, they are still destined for study and improvement.

Mobile robots  have a great ability to move, there are several ways to move on a solid surface, among the robots, the most common are the wheels, chains and legs. These robots are based on cars or platforms equipped with a rolling locomotive system. They follow a path, guided either by a remote control, or by the information of their surroundings.

Finally, there are  industrial robots , that is, electronic and mechanical devices designed to automatically perform some manufacturing or handling processes. For example, in the image we see that this industrial robot is programmed to put gasoline in cars.

Artificial intelligence

But perhaps the most spectacular change of all has to do with the reasoning capacity of these machines or the so-called artificial intelligence. This field that seemed indispensable a few years ago has already gone from laboratories to practice. In 2009, an intelligent therapeutic system was developed that allows to detect emotions in order to interact with autistic children and in 2011 IBM has developed a supercomputer called Watson, which won a round of three consecutive Jeopardy games beating its top champions. Today there are people who dialogue without knowing it with a chatbot and do not notice.
“Artificial Intelligence will exist when we are unable to distinguish between a human being and a computer program in a blind conversation.”

With the arrival of robots, a question arises:  Do robots harm or benefit society? From our point of view they do both. On the one hand, they clearly benefit and facilitate life to society, since as we have seen before they perform all kinds of jobs to please or help the human being, but on the other hand by creating robots that feel, see, understand and are even more Smart that we are not good. We are creating machines with feelings and ambitions. These machines will be smarter than us, so they will not be sent by beings inferior to them, which, this great advance of robotics and artificial intelligence will create great conflicts between machines and humans. It is clear who will win.

What is very clear is that all scientific advances have their positive and negative sides, so we must stick to the consequences and learn from our mistakes.

Future of the Robots

And in the future? Such is the hope that humans, especially the Japanese, have deposited in the robots, who think that in the not too distant future, they will be able to perform without any problem many unthinkable tasks right now. They will stop appearing in television series, to become everyday tools that will help us in the most common tasks. They will do household chores, in a more efficient and faster way than we humans. This will help disabled people, the elderly … There will also be great advances in robotics for science and research.

According to a study, by 2025 the robots will be so “intelligent” and their interaction with humans will be so great that there will be a huge technological imbalance between people who have one of these tools or not. Robots will significantly change the way we live. Technology is advancing by leaps and bounds, and this is so much that there will come a time when robots “will be able to see, act, speak, master natural language and be more intelligent.” This means that they can become partners for the human species.

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